Aids Types, Causes, Symptoms, And Prevention

Aids Symptoms in Hindi

Read this article in: हिन्दी


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Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome aka AIDS is a chronic, potentially life-threatening condition caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). It adversely affects your immune system. HIV interferes with your body’s ability to fight the disease-causing organism. HIV, sexually transmitted infections (STIs) can cause AIDS disease.

Continue reading to learn more about HIV and AIDS symptoms!

What is HIV?

HIV (Human immunodeficiency virus) is a virus that attacks cells that help the body fight infection. This puts the person at risk of various infections and diseases. HIV is usually spread by exposure to bodily fluids of another person with HIV.

This is most common when you have had unprotected sex without a condom. Another reason maybe when you share an injection or any other pharmaceutical device. HIV is found in semen, blood, vaginal and anal fluids, and breastmilk. It cannot be transmitted through sweat, saliva, or urine.

Using a male condom or internal or female condom during sex is the best way to prevent HIV and other sexually transmitted infections. If you inject drugs, always use a clean needle and syringe, and never share the used stock.

What is AIDS?

Before you learn about Aids Symptoms, let’s see what AIDS is. It takes about 8–10 years for HIV to be fully attained in a person’s system and symptoms of many diseases begin to appear and this process is called AIDS Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome. Once HIV enters your system and turns into AIDS, it completely damages the body’s immunity.

Immunity is weakened to the point where it can no longer fight most diseases and infections. This makes a person vulnerable to diseases like:

  • Oral thrush, a fungal infection in the mouth or throat
  • Cytomegalovirus (CMV), a type of herpes virus
  • Cryptococcal meningitis, a fungal infection in the brain
  • Toxoplasmosis, a parasitic brain infection
  • Cryptosporidiosis, an infection caused by intestinal parasites
  • Pneumonia
  • Tuberculosis
  • Cancer

Where Did HIV and AIDS Come From?

Scientists have identified a type of chimpanzee in West Africa as a source of HIV infection in humans. They believe that the chimpanzee version of the immunodeficiency virus (called simian immunodeficiency virus or SIV) most likely spread to humans and mutated into HIV when humans hunted these chimpanzees for flesh and infected blood. Used to eat with

Over the decades, the virus slowly spread to Africa and later to other parts of the world. The first known case of infection with HIV-1 in humans was found in a blood sample of a person in the Democratic Republic of Congo, Kinshasa, in 1959.

We know that the virus has existed in the United States since at least the mid-1970s. From 1979–1981, rare types of pneumonia, cancer, and other diseases were reported by doctors in Los Angeles and New York among several male patients who had sex with other men. These were conditions not commonly found in people with healthy immune systems.

In 1982, public health officials began to use the term “acquired immunodeficiency syndrome,” or AIDS. Formal tracking (surveillance) of AIDS cases began that year in the United States. In 1983, scientists discovered the virus that causes AIDS and the symptoms of hive AIDS.

Different types of HIV / AIDS

There are 2 different types of HIVs – both HIV 1 and HIV can cause AIDS.

HIV 1: It is the most common type of HIV. There are 4 types of this.

Group M – The most popular type is the cause of about 90% of AIDS cases. Of these, A to K is the most common.

Group N – Not very popular. Rather it is a very rare strain that is found only in Africa.

Group O – It is also not very popular. Rather it is a very rare strain that is found only in Africa.

Group P – A very recent discovery that is very different from its other variants. Research is still going on.

HIV 2: HIV-2 infection is mainly found in West African countries. It is not easily disseminated and does not progress to AIDS as quickly as its counterparts.

Stages of HIV

HIV / AIDS is a very progressive disease. A very progressive disease, HIV / AIDS, and it goes through 3 stages.

Acute HIV Infection

Acute HIV infection is a condition that can develop up to two to four weeks after a person has HIV. Acute HIV infection is also known as primary HIV infection or acute retroviral syndrome.

Chronic HIV Infection

It is the stage of HIV infection that is between acute infection and AIDS. At this stage, people may not experience symptoms of AIDS such as at level 1 and if left untreated it can cause AIDS which takes up to 10 years.


This is the last stage of HIV infection. In this state, the body of the affected person is not able to function properly due to a low immune level.

Causes of HIV / AIDS outbreak 

HIV is found in blood, semen, and pre-semen fluid, anal fluid / anal mucosa, vaginal fluid, and breast fluids of someone living with the virus. The main ways in which you can get HIV / AIDS.

Sex Without Condom

You can get AIDS symptoms in Hindi when you have unprotected vaginal and anal sex with an HIV-infected person without using a condom.

Contaminated Blood Transfusion and Organ Transplant

Getting blood transfusions, blood products, or organ/tissue transplants that are contaminated with HIV. This risk is extremely low because most countries first test blood products for HIV.

Passed From Mother to Child During Pregnancy, Delivery, and Breastfeeding

When a mother who is infected with AIDS, she can give birth to her baby when she is pregnant, gives birth to the baby, and also during breastfeeding.

Device Sharing

You can get HIV or AIDS when you share needles, syringes, or other equipment used to inject the HIV-infected person’s medications.

Symptoms of HIV / AIDS

1. Dry Cough

Persistent dry cough may be a common symptom of AIDS. A dry cough may also indicate pneumonia, a lung infection that is a complication of HIV for some people. If left untreated, HIV can progress to AIDS, also known as stage 3 HIV.

2. Recurrent Fever

Any person who has HIV can start showing symptoms within 2-4 weeks. Recurrent fever is one of the first symptoms of AIDS. Additional symptoms include swollen lymph nodes.

3. Extreme Tiredness

HIV makes the body weak and it loses immunity to fight diseases. A person who is suffering from this disease can use a lot of energy to fight the virus. This can result in the development of fatigue.

4. Night Sweats

Your body works hard and repairs itself during deep sleep. Night sweats are a common symptom of HIV that occurs during the chronic phase of HIV. It can persist through the later stages of the disease.

5. Recurrent or Chronic Diarrhea

Diarrhea may persist for a few days or become chronic, lasting weeks or months. Many people with AIDS have diarrhea that lasts for more than a month. This may be an early symptom of acute HIV infection.

6. Bumps, Wounds, or Skin Rashes

One of the primary signs and symptoms of AIDS is a rash that may include: bumpy skin. Red, pink, brown, or purple spots on the skin. Blur under the skin or inside the eyelids, nose, or mouth. Skin lesions and rashes may also develop as a side effect of HIV medication.

7. Fast Weight Loss

HIV wasting syndrome is common among individuals affected by AIDS. It causes weakness and progressive weight loss, often accompanied by weakness, fever, nutritional deficiencies. It is seen in patients with advanced HIV.

8. Anxiety and Depression

When a patient learns about the progression of HIV to AIDS, it can be really difficult to accept this fact. Some medications used to treat HIV can also cause symptoms of anxiety.

9. Problems of Concentration, Memory Loss, and Confusion

When a patient learns about the progression of HIV to AIDS, it can be really difficult to accept this fact. Some medications used to treat HIV can also cause symptoms of anxiety.

Prevention of HIV or AIDs

There is no vaccine to prevent AIDS but there are some steps you can follow to stop the spread of HIV.

A person concerned about the risk of HIV should do the following:

Get tested for HIV: Get yourself and your partner tested for HIV to get updates about your condition.

Get tested for other sexually transmitted infections (STIs): If a test is positive, get yourself treated as STIs can increase the chances of HIV and AIDS.

Use condoms: It is important to note that pre-seminal fluids (which are released before male ejaculation) can contain HIV.So. You should be aware of the correct use of condoms and never have unprotected sex.

Limit your sexual partner: Do not have sex with more than one exclusive partner. Having multiple partners can increase your chances of getting AIDS.

Taking medicines if you have HIV: HIV-infected people should take the medicines prescribed by their doctors properly. This may reduce the risk of transmission of the virus to their sex partners.

Other Prevention Methods

Avoid sharing needles: HIV is transmitted through blood and can be contracted using contaminated needles.

Consider PEP: A person who has been exposed to HIV should contact their healthcare provider about receiving contact prophylaxis (PEP). PEP can reduce the risk of contracting HIV.


After reading this article, you may have got the idea of ​​HIV and Aids Symptoms and how you can prevent it. Always take proper precautions to prevent AIDS. Also, people who are already infected make sure that there are medicines prescribed by your doctor.

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