High Blood Pressure Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, And Home Remedies

hypertension in Hindi

Read this article in: हिन्दी


Want to know everything about high blood pressure or high BP related problems?

Then you are on the right page!

In today’s busy lifestyle, we often forget to take proper care of ourselves. We are always under stress, and create pressure to do well than others. This is why we develop lifestyle diseases like high blood pressure. High BP is a medical condition in which blood pressure in the arteries rises faster than the normal rate.

Here in this article, we will give you complete information about the symptoms, causes, precautions, complications, and treatment of high blood pressure.

What is Hypertension or High BP?

Blood pressure measures the force of blood against the walls of a blood vessel. The heart pumps blood into the blood vessels, which carry blood throughout the body.

High blood pressure, also known as hypertension, is dangerous because it makes the heart harder for the body to pump blood. Both increased, and high blood pressure increases your risk of heart attack, stroke, and heart failure. Weight loss and other healthy lifestyle changes can often control elevated blood pressure and set the stage for better health.

What Should Be the Normal Blood Pressure Range?

In the normal course, blood pressure is read at 80 over 120. This is actually called normal blood pressure. 120 is called systolic, and 80 is the diastolic pressure. The categories of BP are mentioned below:

  • Normal: Less than 80 120 (120/80)
  • Height: Less than 120-129 / 80
  • Stage 1 hypertension: 130–139 / 80–89
  • Stage 2 hypertension: 140 and above / 90 and above

Any pressure measured over 180/120 is called a hypertensive crisis and should be referred to a doctor immediately to understand how to reduce it as quickly as possible.

Causes of Hypertension

Primary Hypertension

Primary hypertension is also known as essential hypertension. This type of hypertension develops over time without any precise reason. Most people have this type of hypertension and sometimes it is not detected. Given below are some of the causes of primary hypertension stress:


If you have a family member who suffers from high blood pressure, there is a possibility of having the same gene and developing high BP. There may be gene mutations or genetic abnormalities inherited from your parents.

Physical Changes

If there is something in your body that is changing then your whole body may start experiencing issues. You may have some difficulties, and high blood pressure can be one of those issues.

Environmental Change

Unhealthy lifestyle choices like lack of physical activity and poor diet can take a toll on your body. Weight problems can occur due to lifestyle problems. And, overweight or obesity may increase the risk of hypertension.

Secondary Hypertension

Secondary hypertension is often early and may be more severe than primary hypertension. These are caused by any underlying disease, use of illicit drugs, and alcohol abuse. Many conditions that cause secondary hypertension include:

  • Thyroid problems
  • Kidney disease
  • Obstructive sleep apnea
  • Endocrine tumor
  • Congenital heart defect
  • Medication-related side effects
  • Use of illegal drugs
  • Prolonged alcohol consumption
  • Adrenal gland problems
  • Pregnancy
  • obesity
  • Smoking
  • Consuming more salt
  • Diabetes

Symptoms of High BP or High Blood Pressure

High blood pressure or hypertension is a silent killer. Many people do not experience any symptoms. It can take years or several decades for the condition to reach a critical level so that the symptoms go out. These symptoms may require immediate medical attention. They do not occur as a symptom in all people with hypertension, but waiting for a symptom of the condition can be fatal. Some of the symptoms of high blood pressure are listed below.

  • Headache
  • Difficulty breathing
  • nose bleeding
  • Flushing
  • Dizziness
  • Pain in chest
  • Scene change
  • Blood in urine

How To Diagnose High Blood Pressure

If you want to get high blood pressure checked, it is very easy to find out using a blood pressure machine like a BP monitor or by asking a doctor. If your blood pressure is elevated, your doctor may request that you take more readings over the course of a few days or weeks. It can actually be very rare to diagnose hypertension in just one reading.

If the blood pressure remains high even after several attempts, the doctor may ask you to do some tests, such as a urine test, cholesterol, renal ultrasound and heart, and even an ECG or an EKG. These tests can help your doctor identify the cause of any secondary disease that causes your high blood pressure. They can also detect the effect of high blood pressure on your organs.

Hypertension Treatment

Several factors help your doctor determine the best treatment option for you such as medication, lifestyle changes, dietary changes, etc.

Primary Hypertension Treatment Options

For this high blood pressure, you may have to make lifestyle changes that can help reduce your high blood pressure. If lifestyle changes alone, doctors may prescribe medication to reduce it.

Secondary hypertension treatment options

If it can be diagnosed by a doctor that high pressure is caused by any underlying disease such as kidney, heart, or others. Then treatment will be done first for other diseases.

Sometimes hypertension is persistent despite treatment for the underlying cause. In this case, doctors will follow treatment for primary hypertension disease.

Supplements For Lowering High BP

There are various supplements and vitamins that can reduce high blood pressure. Natural supplements are a promising method for treating hypertension. Let’s take a look at important, and effective people.

Folic Acid

Taking high doses of folic acid may help to slightly lower blood pressure in both men and women who have high blood pressure.


Magnesium can regulate healthy cell function. It aids in the contraction of muscle fibers, thus helping to control high blood pressure.

Vitamin D

Vitamin D deficiency may be associated with the risk of heart disease and high blood pressure (hypertension). If you are deficient in vitamin D, then by treating it you can reduce high blood pressure.


Coenzyme Q10 (also known as ubiquinone) is an antioxidant that helps your cells generate energy. COQ10 reduces diastolic blood pressure by 10 millimeters of mercury (mm Hg) and 17 mm Hg by reducing systolic blood pressure. Can.

Omega 3 Fatty Acids

Omega-3 fatty acids help your body improve cardiovascular tone. This makes omega-3s a promising component to lower blood pressure.

Home Remedies For High Blood Pressure

Eating Healthy Food

A heart-healthy diet is important to help reduce high blood pressure. It is also important for the management of hypertension which is under control and reduces the complications of heart disease, stroke, and heart attack. A heart-healthy diet consisted of lean proteins such as foods – fruits, vegetables, whole grains, fish.

Increase Physical Activity

You can reach a healthy weight by becoming more physically active. This means that you can exercise, or even run, walk, swim, or cycle to make yourself physically fit. It can help you fit and reduce high blood pressure by strengthening your cardiovascular system. Aim to get 150 minutes of moderate physical activity each week.

Healthy Weight Gain

If you are overweight or obese, then losing weight through a heart-healthy diet and increasing physical activity can help lower your blood pressure without medications.

Manage Stress

Can you help reduce stress by exercising which is a major factor in high blood pressure? Meditation, Deep Breathing, Massage Muscles Relaxation or Yoga

The Right Diet For High Blood Pressure

If we take care of our diet, then in a certain period you are bound to reduce any stress. And this in turn will reduce the side effects of high blood pressure, and eventually erase hypertension in the long run. Here are some of the most common dietary recommendations for people with high blood pressure.

Reduce Sodium Intake

People with high blood pressure and those at increased risk of heart disease should keep their daily sodium intake at 1,500 mg and 2,300 mg per day. Never eat pre-cooked foods or foods that are fried. Since they contain more salt for preservatives. The best way to reduce sodium is to cook fresh foods more often.

Eat More Vegetables

An easy way to increase fiber and reduce the amount of sodium and unhealthy saturated and trans fats is to eat more plants and vegetables than dairy foods and meat. Instead of red meat, you can include a more lean protein such as fish, poultry, or tofu. These are healthy options.

Low Sugar Intake

Aromatic foods and beverages have no nutritional content. If you want something sweet, try eating fresh fruit or a small amount of dark chocolate that is not overly sweet with sugar.

Other Tips to Control High Blood Pressure

Weight gain can lead to high blood pressure which can lead to other complications. Therefore, to maintain body weight, the physician must measure and calculate the body mass index or BMI.


Smoking is also a cause of high blood pressure. To reduce high BP very much you need to stop smoking.


Yoga is a spiritual path, which can control high blood pressure by reducing stress. Various types of yoga asanas are performed to keep the body healthy. Allu Yogasanas like Bhujangasana and Vayu Mudra are very helpful in reducing high blood pressure. If you need to, seek the help of a yoga practitioner.

Risk of Getting High Blood Pressure or High BP

  • People who have sleep apnea
  • A person with high blood pressure
  • Smokers
  • Pregnant woman
  • Women who take birth control pills
  • People over 35 years of age
  • Those who are overweight or obese
  • People who lead a sedentary lifestyle
  • Alcoholic people
  • People who eat fatty foods or foods with too much salt
  • Complications of high BP – Complications of High Blood Pressure
  • heart attack
  • When you have high BP, often our body cells become thick and hard. This can lead to a heart attack, and even other heart complications.


High BP can cause our cells to weaken and grow outward. And pressurize the heart walls, and inflammation is known as an aneurism. An aneurism can burst and cause death.

Metabolic Syndrome

It is a group of disorders that cause a metabolic imbalance in the body. These may include high waist, high triglycerides, high insulin levels, etc. Such underlying conditions can actually cause diabetes, heart attack, etc.

Memory Problem

If there is high blood pressure that you cannot control it can be fatal, as it can cause difficulty remembering things. This can affect your ability to think.

Precaution of High Blood Pressure

Some precautions should take a few precautions to avoid having high blood pressure. We have listed the conditions below.

  • Avoid excess salt in your foods
  • Reduce intake of dairy foods
  • Avoid packaged food that contains more sugar
  • Lose extra pounds and look at your waist
  • Cut back on caffeine
  • Eat a healthy diet
  • Quit smoking

OTC Medicines for Hypertension or High BP

Serial NumberOTC Drug of High BPBuy Now
1Himalaya ArjunaBuy Now
2Baidyanath ArjunarishtaBuy Now
3Dabur Sarpagandhaghan VatiBuy Now
4Baidyanath Moti BhasmaBuy Now
5Dharishah Ayurveda CALM-HIBuy Now


A controlled diet, regular exercise, and proper sleep can definitely bring you high blood pressure levels down. We hope that this article has helped to give you detailed information on high pressure.

Did you like this article? Then share it with your loved ones. Also, write your feedback in the comment section below.

Dr. Swaroop Choudhari, MD
Dr. Swaroop Y Choudhari is an MBBS, MD in General Medicine. The doctor holds an experience of 8 years, and has extensive knowledge in his respective field of medicine.

Leave a Reply