Ciprofloxacin

Ciprofloxacin Uses

Ciprofloxacin is used for Bacterial Infections (Respiratory, Urinary Tract Infections)

How Ciprofloxacin Works

Ciprofloxacin inhibits the enzyme DNA gyrase, which is responsible for the unwinding and supercoiling of bacterial DNA before it replicates.
By inhibiting this enzyme, ciprofloxacin causes bacterial cells to die.

Common side effects of Ciprofloxacin

Nausea, Vomiting, Dizziness, Dryness In Mouth, Altered Taste, Abdominal Pain, Agitation, Anxiety, Fever, Constipation, Allergic Reaction, Impaired Concentration, Sweating, Headache

Interaction

Drug :antacids, didanosine, iron supplements, sucralfate, multivitamins that contain iron or zinc: Decreased ciprofloxacin absorption.

cyclosporine: Elevated serum creatinine and blood cyclosporine levels.

glyburide: Severe hypoglycemia.

methotrexate: Increased blood methotrexate level and increased risk of toxicity.

NSAIDs except acetylsalicylic acid: Increased risk of seizures with high doses of ciprofloxacin.

oral anticoagulants: Enhanced anticoagulant effects.

phenytoin: Increased or decreased blood phenytoin level.

probenecid: Increased blood ciprofloxacin level and, possibly, toxicity.

theophylline: Increased blood level, half-life, and risk of adverse effects of theophylline.

tizanidine: Increased tizanidine effects.

Food : caffeine: Increased caffeine effects.

dairy products: Delayed drug absorption.

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